- Unable to melee attack
First ranged unit in the game.
The Archer is the earliest ranged unit, armed with the first simple bows. Because it can attack enemies with impunity up to 2 hexes away, it is critically important in the first skirmishes with Barbarians, or when attacking enemy cities early in the game.
However, the Archer is fairly weak when attacked by other units, especially in melee. Assign it to garrison cities or keep it behind your front lines, protected by melee units. Also, position it on hills whenever possible - these vantage points will allow it to use its full range while also using the natural defense of the terrain.
Archery may have been invented as long as 10,000-15,000 years ago, during the Paleolithic Age. It may have been invented in one place and spread, or, more likely, archery was invented in multiple places around the world. In the centuries before gunpowder, most ancient civilizations employed archers in their armies. The Korean armies possessed particularly fine archers during the 600-year Choson period, while the English longbow dominated the European battlefields during the 14th and 15th centuries.